Bonds are debt securities that obligate the issuer to make periodic interest payments (coupons) to bondholders and to repay the principal amount of the loan at maturity. The term maturity refers to the length of time until the loan must be repaid. Bond maturities can range from a few months to 30 years or more.
What is Maturity?
Maturity is the length of time until a bond must be paid back in full. It is also referred to as the “term” of the bond. Most bonds have a maturity of 10 years or less, but some bonds, such as those issued by the U.S. government, can have maturities of 30 years or more. The maturity date is important because it determines when the bondholder will receive their interest payments and when they will receive their principal back.
Maturity and Interest Rates
When investing in bonds, one of the key considerations is the maturity of the bond. The maturity is the length of time until the bond expires and the principal is repaid. Generally speaking, bonds with longer maturities have higher interest rates than bonds with shorter maturities.
The reason for this relationship is that investors are compensated for taking on the risk of inflation eroding the purchasing power of their investment. When inflation is expected to be high, long-term interest rates will also be high to compensate investors for this risk.
In addition, longer-term bonds are also more sensitive to changes in interest rates than shorter-term bonds. This is because it takes longer for the market value of a long-term bond to return to its original level after rates have increased (or decrease if rates fall). For example, if a 10-year bond has an interest rate of 5%, and rates rise to 7%, it will take approximately 10 years for the market value of the bond to fall back to its original price.
On the other hand, a 1-year bond with a 5% interest rate would only take one year to reach its original value if interest rates rose to 7%. This is due to something called duration, which measures a bond’s sensitivity to changes in interest rates. The longer the duration, the greater the sensitivity.
Investors should keep in mind that while longer-term bonds may offer higher yields, they also come with more risk. This is why it’s important to have a mix of both short and long-term bonds in your portfolio.
The Relationship between Maturity and Price
Bond prices and maturity are inversely related, meaning that when one goes up, the other goes down. This relationship exists because bonds with longer maturities have more interest rate risk than bonds with shorter maturities. When interest rates rise, the prices of bonds with longer maturities fall more than the prices of bonds with shorter maturities. For example, if a bond has 10 years until maturity and interest rates rise by 1%, the price of the bond will fall more than the price of a bond that matures in one year andinterest rates also rise by 1%.
The Relationship between Maturity and Yield
Maturity is the date on which the principal amount of a bond is due and payable. The length of time until maturity is referred to as the term or maturity of the bond. Coupon bonds pay periodic interest payments until they mature. When a bond matures, the investor receives back the principal, also called the par value or face value, of the bond. Yield is the rate of return an investor receives on a bond. The yield and maturity of a bond have an inverse relationship; as one goes up, the other goes down.View comparable articles on article about what is interest accrued, or article what is principal?.
Maturity is the length of time until the bond expires and must be repaid in full. It is important to remember that bonds are a loan, and like any other loan, the borrower (the issuer of the bond) must repay the lender (the bondholder) the amount borrowed plus interest.
The maturity date is the date on which the issuer must repay the bondholder the principal, or face value, of the bond. The maturity date is also sometimes referred to as the “redemption date.” Interest payments are made up until the maturity date, but not after.
The vast majority of bonds have a specific maturity date on which the principal must be repaid. However, some bonds, known as ” perpetual bonds,” do not have a set maturity date. Perpetual bonds typically make interest payments forever, but they often have provisions that allow the issuer to call, or redeem, the bond at a certain point if interest rates fall.